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Transparency International’s definition of corruption


Transparency International rated NZ as the least corrupt country for the second year in a row on their Corruptions Perception Index Note this is a perception index

Their definition of corruption:

Generally speaking as “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain”. Corruption can be classified as grand, petty and political, depending on the amounts of money lost and the sector where it occurs.

Grand corruption consists of acts committed at a high level of government that distort policies or the central functioning of the state, enabling leaders to benefit at the expense of the public good. Petty corruption refers to everyday abuse of entrusted power by low- and mid-level public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens, who often are trying to access basic goods or services in places like hospitals, schools, police departments and other agencies.

Political corruption is a manipulation of policies, institutions and rules of procedure in the allocation of resources and financing by political decision makers, who abuse their position to sustain their power, status and wealth.

Now NZ has tended to congratulate itself on this ranking, but is this self congratualtion warranted? In fact our rating declined marginally in the year. Furthermore NZ did not score 100% but 89%. This suggests that there is at least a perception of corruption in some areas.

From the descriptors on the TPI web-site it is possible that local government is not included in the assessment. The TPI NZ web-site specifically uses the term public sector, suspect this excludes local government.

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