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Gresham College: World War 1: Ending and Aftermath: Prof. Margaret MacMillan – The Treaty of Versailles: A Hundred Years Later

22/06/2019

A good  lecture on a very interesting topic

About this series

For the centenary of the end of World War I, this lecture series looks at how the end of the war came about and the consequences it had for Europe in the decades to come. Did the Treaty of Versailles lead to the outbreak of World War II? And why did the Weimar Republic fail to create a democracy in Germany?

Professor David Stevenson re-examines how World War I ended, anticipating the centenary commemorations in 2018. He discusses both why Germany requested a ceasefire, and why the Allies and America granted one. He argues that the German army was near collapse and that Germany was not defeated by a ‘stab in the back’ at home. None the less, the Allies had good reasons not to press on to Berlin.

A century has passed since the Treaty of Versailles between the Allies and Germany was signed on 28 June 1919. The treaty imposed peace terms – which have remained the subject of controversy ever since – and it also attempted to set up a new international order to ensure that there would never again be such a destructive war as that of 1914-18. Professor Margaret MacMillan, a specialist in British imperial history and the international history of the 19th and 20th centuries, considers to what extent the treaty led to the outbreak of World War II and whether the attempt to create a new world order was a failure.

In August 1919 the ill-fated Weimar Republic was founded and then superseded 14 years later by the Nazi dictatorship. Professor Sir Richard Evans, one of the world’s foremost authorities on modern German history, asks why the Republic failed in its attempt to make Germany democratic, and what lessons can be learned for the future of democracy in the 21st century.

https://youtu.be/rkhw94PGLxs

About this lecture

A century has passed since the Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919. After WWI the treaty imposed peace terms which have remained the subject of controversy ever since. It also attempted to set up a new international order to ensure that there would never again be such a destructive war as that of 1914-18.

Professor MacMillan, a specialist in British imperial history and the international history of the 19th and 20th centuries, will consider if the treaty led to the outbreak of the Second World War and whether the attempt to create a new world order was a failure.

Professor Margaret MacMillan

Professor Margaret MacMillan is a Professor of History at the University of Toronto and the former Warden of St. Antony’s College. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Senior Fellow of Massey College, University of Toronto, Honorary Fellow of Trinity College, University of Toronto and of St Hilda’s College, University of Oxford. She sits on the boards of the Mosaic Institute and the editorial boards of International History and First World War Studies. She is also a Trustee of the Rhodes Trust.

Her books include Women of the Raj (1988, 2007); Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World (2001) for which she was the first woman to win the Samuel Johnson Prize; Nixon in China: Six Days that Changed the World; The Uses and Abuses of History (2008); and Extraordinary Canadians: Stephen Leacock (2009). Her most recent book is The War that Ended Peace.

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